From Imitation to Innovation: Where Is All That Chinese R&D Going?

Michael König, Kjetil Storesletten, Zheng Song, Fabrizio Zilibotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


We construct an endogenous growth model with random interactions where firms are subject to distortions. The TFP distribution evolves endogenously as firms seek to upgrade their technology over time either by innovating or by imitating other firms. We use the model to quantify the effects of misallocation on TFP growth in emerging economies. We structurally estimate the stationary state of the dynamic model targeting moments of the empirical distribution of R&D and TFP growth in China during the period 2007–2012. The estimated model fits the Chinese data well. We compare the estimates with those obtained using data for Taiwan and perform counterfactuals to study the effect of alternative policies. R&D misallocation has a large effect on TFP growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1615-1654
Number of pages40
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Econometric Society.


  • China
  • R&D
  • TFP growth
  • Taiwan
  • imitation
  • innovation
  • misallocation
  • productivity
  • subsidies
  • traveling wave


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