From child maltreatment to adolescent cannabis abuse and dependence: A developmental cascade model

Fred A. Rogosch, Assaf Oshri, Dante Cicchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

A developmental cascade model tested associations among child maltreatment, internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, social competence, and cannabis abuse and dependence symptoms in a longitudinal cohort (N = 415). Nested structural equation models evaluated continuity and cross-domain influences among broad multi-informant constructs across four developmental periods: age 7 to 9, 10 to 12, 13 to 15, and 15 to 18. Results indicated significant paths from child maltreatment to early externalizing and internalizing problems and social competence, as well as to cannabis abuse and dependence (CAD) symptoms in adolescence. Youth CAD symptoms were primarily related directly to child maltreatment and externalizing problems. Childhood internalizing symptoms contributed to later childhood decreases in social competence, which predicted increases in late adolescent externalizing problems. Using a developmental psychopathology framework, results are discussed in relation to cascade and transactional effects and the interplay between problem behaviors during childhood and development of CAD symptoms during early and late adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-897
Number of pages15
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

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