## Abstract

The dynamic shape factor and the exponents, η and D_{fm}, which characterize the power law dependence of friction coefficient on the number of primary spheres and the mass on the mobility diameter, have been determined for silver agglomerates using the differential mobility-aerosol particle mass (DMA-APM) analyzer method. This method provides characterization of nearly monodisperse agglomerates and is able to analyze thousands of particles over a 10 min period. A quantitative uncertainty analysis finds that the calibration of the APM is the major source of uncertainty and that the combined uncertainties are about 6-7% for the dynamic shape factor and about 3% for the exponents η and D_{fm}. The dynamic shape factor obtained based on free molecular analysis is larger than the measured results. The observed decrease in η by about 15% with increasing agglomerate size compared to almost constant values for the model predictions suggests a flow interaction between the primary particles not included in the models which are based on free molecular dynamics. An empirical equation is given for the N dependence of the ratio of the measured friction coefficient to a free molecular expression based on a computer simulation. Model predictions indicate that η is independent of agglomerate size while D_{fm} is sensitive to agglomerate size. Experimentally, it appears the opposite is true: the dependence of η on particle size is greater than for D_{fm}. The near constancy for the measured D_{fm} results from the decreasing value in η being compensated by the slip correction term in the expression relating d_{m} to the friction coefficient.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 573-587 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Journal | Journal of Aerosol Science |

Volume | 40 |

Issue number | 7 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jul 2009 |

## Keywords

- Aerosol particle mass (APM) analyzer
- Agglomerate
- DMA
- Dynamic shape factor
- Friction coefficient