Frequency of eating alone is associated with adolescent dietary intake, perceived food-related parenting practices and weight status: Cross-sectional Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study results

Marla M Reicks, Cynthia S Davey, Alex Kojo Anderson, Jinan Banna, Mary Cluskey, Carolyn Gunther, Blake Jones, Rickelle Richards, Glade Topham, Siew Sun Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective To examine relationships between frequency of adolescents eating alone (dependent variable) and diet, weight status and perceived food-related parenting practices (independent variables).Design Analyses of publicly available, cross-sectional, web-based survey data from adolescents.Setting Online consumer opinion panel.Subjects A US nationwide sample of adolescents (12-17 years) completed Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study surveys to report demographic and family meal characteristics, weight, dietary intake, home food availability and perceptions of parenting practices. Parents provided information about demographic characteristics. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations between variables.Results About 20 % of adolescents reported often eating alone (n 343) v. not often eating alone (n 1309). Adjusted odds of adolescents often eating alone were significantly higher for non-Hispanic Black compared with non-Hispanic White adolescents (OR=1·7) and for overweight or obese compared with normal- or underweight adolescents (OR=1·6). Adjusted odds of adolescents eating alone were significantly lower for those who reported that fruits and vegetables were often/always available in the home (OR=0·65), for those who perceived that parents had expectations about fruit and vegetable intake (OR=0·71) and for those who agreed with parental authority to make rules about intake of junk food/sugary drinks (OR=0·71). Junk food and sugary drink daily intake frequency was positively associated with often eating alone.Conclusions Often eating alone was related to being overweight/obese, having less healthy dietary intake and perceptions of less supportive food-related parenting practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1555-1566
Number of pages12
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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Parenting
Solar System
Eating
Weights and Measures
Health
Food
Vegetables
Fruit
Parents
Demography
Thinness
Meals
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Diet

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Eating alone
  • Eating behaviours
  • Food-related parenting practices
  • Independent eating occasions
  • Weight status

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Frequency of eating alone is associated with adolescent dietary intake, perceived food-related parenting practices and weight status : Cross-sectional Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study results. / Reicks, Marla M; Davey, Cynthia S; Anderson, Alex Kojo; Banna, Jinan; Cluskey, Mary; Gunther, Carolyn; Jones, Blake; Richards, Rickelle; Topham, Glade; Wong, Siew Sun.

In: Public health nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 9, 01.06.2019, p. 1555-1566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reicks, Marla M ; Davey, Cynthia S ; Anderson, Alex Kojo ; Banna, Jinan ; Cluskey, Mary ; Gunther, Carolyn ; Jones, Blake ; Richards, Rickelle ; Topham, Glade ; Wong, Siew Sun. / Frequency of eating alone is associated with adolescent dietary intake, perceived food-related parenting practices and weight status : Cross-sectional Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study results. In: Public health nutrition. 2019 ; Vol. 22, No. 9. pp. 1555-1566.
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abstract = "Objective To examine relationships between frequency of adolescents eating alone (dependent variable) and diet, weight status and perceived food-related parenting practices (independent variables).Design Analyses of publicly available, cross-sectional, web-based survey data from adolescents.Setting Online consumer opinion panel.Subjects A US nationwide sample of adolescents (12-17 years) completed Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study surveys to report demographic and family meal characteristics, weight, dietary intake, home food availability and perceptions of parenting practices. Parents provided information about demographic characteristics. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations between variables.Results About 20 {\%} of adolescents reported often eating alone (n 343) v. not often eating alone (n 1309). Adjusted odds of adolescents often eating alone were significantly higher for non-Hispanic Black compared with non-Hispanic White adolescents (OR=1·7) and for overweight or obese compared with normal- or underweight adolescents (OR=1·6). Adjusted odds of adolescents eating alone were significantly lower for those who reported that fruits and vegetables were often/always available in the home (OR=0·65), for those who perceived that parents had expectations about fruit and vegetable intake (OR=0·71) and for those who agreed with parental authority to make rules about intake of junk food/sugary drinks (OR=0·71). Junk food and sugary drink daily intake frequency was positively associated with often eating alone.Conclusions Often eating alone was related to being overweight/obese, having less healthy dietary intake and perceptions of less supportive food-related parenting practices.",
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T1 - Frequency of eating alone is associated with adolescent dietary intake, perceived food-related parenting practices and weight status

T2 - Cross-sectional Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study results

AU - Reicks, Marla M

AU - Davey, Cynthia S

AU - Anderson, Alex Kojo

AU - Banna, Jinan

AU - Cluskey, Mary

AU - Gunther, Carolyn

AU - Jones, Blake

AU - Richards, Rickelle

AU - Topham, Glade

AU - Wong, Siew Sun

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Objective To examine relationships between frequency of adolescents eating alone (dependent variable) and diet, weight status and perceived food-related parenting practices (independent variables).Design Analyses of publicly available, cross-sectional, web-based survey data from adolescents.Setting Online consumer opinion panel.Subjects A US nationwide sample of adolescents (12-17 years) completed Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study surveys to report demographic and family meal characteristics, weight, dietary intake, home food availability and perceptions of parenting practices. Parents provided information about demographic characteristics. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations between variables.Results About 20 % of adolescents reported often eating alone (n 343) v. not often eating alone (n 1309). Adjusted odds of adolescents often eating alone were significantly higher for non-Hispanic Black compared with non-Hispanic White adolescents (OR=1·7) and for overweight or obese compared with normal- or underweight adolescents (OR=1·6). Adjusted odds of adolescents eating alone were significantly lower for those who reported that fruits and vegetables were often/always available in the home (OR=0·65), for those who perceived that parents had expectations about fruit and vegetable intake (OR=0·71) and for those who agreed with parental authority to make rules about intake of junk food/sugary drinks (OR=0·71). Junk food and sugary drink daily intake frequency was positively associated with often eating alone.Conclusions Often eating alone was related to being overweight/obese, having less healthy dietary intake and perceptions of less supportive food-related parenting practices.

AB - Objective To examine relationships between frequency of adolescents eating alone (dependent variable) and diet, weight status and perceived food-related parenting practices (independent variables).Design Analyses of publicly available, cross-sectional, web-based survey data from adolescents.Setting Online consumer opinion panel.Subjects A US nationwide sample of adolescents (12-17 years) completed Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study surveys to report demographic and family meal characteristics, weight, dietary intake, home food availability and perceptions of parenting practices. Parents provided information about demographic characteristics. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations between variables.Results About 20 % of adolescents reported often eating alone (n 343) v. not often eating alone (n 1309). Adjusted odds of adolescents often eating alone were significantly higher for non-Hispanic Black compared with non-Hispanic White adolescents (OR=1·7) and for overweight or obese compared with normal- or underweight adolescents (OR=1·6). Adjusted odds of adolescents eating alone were significantly lower for those who reported that fruits and vegetables were often/always available in the home (OR=0·65), for those who perceived that parents had expectations about fruit and vegetable intake (OR=0·71) and for those who agreed with parental authority to make rules about intake of junk food/sugary drinks (OR=0·71). Junk food and sugary drink daily intake frequency was positively associated with often eating alone.Conclusions Often eating alone was related to being overweight/obese, having less healthy dietary intake and perceptions of less supportive food-related parenting practices.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Eating alone

KW - Eating behaviours

KW - Food-related parenting practices

KW - Independent eating occasions

KW - Weight status

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