Frequency and Amplitude Optimizations for Magnetic Particle Spectroscopy Applications

Vinit Kumar Chugh, Arturo di Girolamo, Venkatramana D. Krishna, Kai Wu, Maxim C.J. Cheeran, Jian Ping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Nowadays, there is a growing interest in the field of magnetic particle spectroscopy (MPS)-based bioassays. MPS monitors the dynamic magnetic response of surface-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) upon excitation by an alternating magnetic field (AMF) to detect various target analytes. This technology has flourished in the past decade due to its low cost, low background magnetic noise interference from the biomatrix, and fast response time. A large number of MPS variants have been reported by different groups around the world, with applications ranging from disease diagnosis to foodborne pathogen detection and virus detection. However, there is an urgent need for guidance on how to optimize the sensitivity of MPS detection by choosing different types of MNPs, AMF modalities, and MPS assay strategies (i.e., volume- and surface-based assays). In this work, we systematically study the effect of AMF frequencies and amplitudes on the responses of single- and multicore MNPs under two extreme conditions, namely, the bound and unbound states. Our results show that some modalities such as dual-frequency MPS utilizing multicore MNPs are more suitable for surface-based bioassay applications, whereas single-frequency MPS systems using single- or multicore MNPs are better suited for volumetric bioassay applications. Furthermore, the bioassay sensitivities for these modalities can be further improved by a careful selection of AMF frequencies and amplitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)450-460
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 12 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was financially supported by the Institute of Engineering in Medicine, the Robert F. Hartmann Endowed Chair professorship, the University of Minnesota Medical School, and the University of Minnesota Physicians and Fairview Health Services through a COVID-19 Rapid Response Grant. This study was also financially supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture – National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) under the Award Number 2020-67021-31956. Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health under the Award Number R42DE030832. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. Portions of this study were conducted in the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by the National Science Foundation through the National Nano Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI) under the Award Number ECCS-1542202.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society.


Dive into the research topics of 'Frequency and Amplitude Optimizations for Magnetic Particle Spectroscopy Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this