Fragment docking to S100 proteins reveals a wide diversity of weak interaction sites

Yvonne Arendt, Anusarka Bhaumik, Rebecca Del Conte, Claudio Luchinat, Mattia Mori, Marco Porcu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The S100 protein family is a highly conserved group of Ca 2+-binding proteins that belong to the EF-hand type and are considered potential drug targets. In the present study we focused our attention on two members of the family: S100A13 and S100B; the former is involved in the nonclassical protein release of two proangiogenic polypeptides FGF-1 and IL-1α that are involved in inflammatory processes, whereas S100B is known to interact with the C-terminal domain of the intracellular tumor suppressor p53 and promote cancer development. We screened, using waterLOGSY NMR experiments, 430 molecules of a generic fragment library and we identified different hits for each protein. The subset of fragments interacting with S100B has very few members in common with the subset interacting with S100A13. From the 15N-HSQC NMR spectra of the proteins in the presence of those hits the chemical shift differences Δδ(HN) were calculated, and the main regions of surface interaction were identified. A relatively large variety of interaction regions for various ligands were identified for the two proteins, including known or suggested protein-protein interaction sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1648-1654
Number of pages7
JournalChemMedChem
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2007

Keywords

  • Drug design
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • S100
  • Screening fragments
  • WaterLOGSY

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