Four- and five-year follow-up results from four seventh-grade smoking prevention strategies

David M. Murray, Marsha Davis-Hearn, Anne I. Goldman, Phyllis Pirie, Russell V Luepker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Recent studies have suggested that a prevention program that addresses the social influences that encourage smoking can be effective in deterring cigarette use by adolescents. This study presents 4- and 5-year follow-up results from two studies which evaluated three variations of this social influences model and compared them to a health consequences program and an existing-curriculum condition. The results suggest that a seventh-grade program, built around the social influences model and taught jointly by same-age peer leaders and local classroom teachers, may reduce 4-year weekly- and daily-smoking cumulative incidence rates, providing the first evidence for any long-term effects for the social influences model. However, the results also suggest that any long-term effects from such interventions are probably limited and may depend heavily on the manner in which the social influences model is translated during the intervention. Additional follow-up studies are needed to clarify the long-term effects of these intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-405
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1988


  • adolescent
  • prevention
  • smoking

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