Formation of the 3' termini of mRNAs in animal cells involves endonucleolytic cleavage of a pre-mRNA, followed by polyadenylation of the newly formed end. Here we demonstrate that, during cleavage in vitro, the highly conserved AAUAAA sequence of the pre-mRNA forms a complex with a factor present in a crude nuclear extract. This complex is required for cleavage and polyadenylation. It normally is transient, but is very stable on cleaved RNA to which a single terminal cordycepin residue has been added. The complex can form either during the cleavage reaction, or on a synthetic RNA that ends at the polyadenylation site. Mutations which prevent cleavage also prevent complex formation. The complex dissociates during or after polyadenylation, enabling the released activities to catalyze a second round of cleavage.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|