The synthesis of the novel benz[c]azocines, 11a and 11b was achieved following an 8-endo-trig selective intramolecular Heck reaction. Optimisation of this reaction demonstrated that inclusion of both tetra-n-butylammonium sulfate and water was essential for its success. No products from the corresponding 7-exo-trig process were encountered under these conditions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank UCD for financial support and Dr. Dilip Rai for high resolution mass spectrometry.