Formalizing planning and information search in naturalistic decision-making

L. T. Hunt, N. D. Daw, P. Kaanders, M. A. MacIver, U. Mugan, E. Procyk, A. D. Redish, E. Russo, J. Scholl, K. Stachenfeld, C. R.E. Wilson, N. Kolling

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Decisions made by mammals and birds are often temporally extended. They require planning and sampling of decision-relevant information. Our understanding of such decision-making remains in its infancy compared with simpler, forced-choice paradigms. However, recent advances in algorithms supporting planning and information search provide a lens through which we can explain neural and behavioral data in these tasks. We review these advances to obtain a clearer understanding for why planning and curiosity originated in certain species but not others; how activity in the medial temporal lobe, prefrontal and cingulate cortices may support these behaviors; and how planning and information search may complement each other as means to improve future action selection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1051-1064
Number of pages14
JournalNature neuroscience
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
L.T.H. was supported by a Henry Dale Fellowship from the Royal Society and Wellcome Trust (208789/Z/17/Z). N.D.D. was supported by NIDA R01DA038891 and NSF IIS-1822571, both part of the CRCNS program. M.A.M. was funded by NSF Brain Initiative ECCS-1835389. E.R. was supported by a Ch. and H. Schaller Foundation and the Boehringer Ingelheim Foundation grant ‘Complex Systems’. E.P. and C.R.E.W. are supported by the French National Research Agency within the framework of the labex CORTEX ANR-11-LABX-0042 of Université de Lyon, and grant ANR-19-CE37-0008 NORAD and ANR-18-CE37-0016-01 PREDYCT. E.P. is employed by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. J.S. is funded by a MRC Skills Development Fellowship (MR/N014448/1). N.K. is funded by a fellowship from the BBSRC (BB/R010803/1).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Springer Nature America, Inc.


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