Forging Women's Substantive Representation: Intersectional Interests, Political Parity, and Pensions in Bolivia

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Abstract

Lacking tools to measure substantive representation, empirical research to date has determined women's substantive representation by identifying women's interests a priori, with little attention to differences across race, class, or other inequalities. To address this problem, I develop the concept of intersectional interests and a method for identifying these. Intersectional interests represent multiple perspectives and are forged through a process of political intersectionality that purposefully includes historically marginalized perspectives. These interests can be parsed into three types: expansionist, integrationist, and reconceived. Identification of intersectional interests requires, first, an inductive mapping of the differing women's perspectives that exist in a specific context and then an examination of the political processes that lead to these new, redefined interests. I demonstrate the concept of intersectional interests and how to identify these in Bolivia, where I focus on the political process of forging reconceived intersectional interests in Bolivia's political parity and pension reforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-459
Number of pages27
JournalPolitics and Gender
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Keywords

  • Bolivia
  • Latin America
  • intersectionality
  • pensions
  • political interests
  • political parity
  • political representation
  • women's substantive representation

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