D. W. Stephens, A. S. Dunlap

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations


This chapter considers foraging behavior and its connections with learning and memory. The chapter reviews the basic models of foraging that behavioral ecologists have developed over the last 30 years. These models provide an economic framework for the study of foraging. Animals forage in a changing environment, and they must adjust their foraging to these changes. Learning and memory play a key role in making these adjustments. The chapter discusses learning mechanisms, constrained foraging behavior, and how economic principles affect the fitness value of learning. Finally, the chapter reviews the emerging topics of predator avoidance and social foraging and discusses their connections with learning and memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLearning and Memory
Subtitle of host publicationA Comprehensive Reference
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780123705099
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007


  • Animal groups
  • Diet selection
  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Evolution
  • Fear
  • Feeding
  • Foraging
  • Game theory
  • Information
  • Models
  • Optimality
  • Patch exploitation
  • Predation sampling
  • Search image
  • Sociality


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