Fusarium graminearum is one of the most destructive pathogens of cereals and a threat to food and feed production worldwide. Infection especially of wheat leads to yield losses and mycotoxin contamination. Deoxynivalenol is a hazardous mycotoxin inhibiting the biosynthesis of proteins. Its production by the fungus is a prerequisite for the colonization of the wheat spike. Combining molecular genetics with bioimaging techniques allows a fascinating insight into the pathobiology of this cereal pathogen.