Objectives: To examine individual associations between aspects of the family eating environment (home food availability, parental modeling, and food restriction) and adolescent dietary intake and explore the combined relationship (i.e., environment profiles) between these aspects of the family eating environment and adolescent dietary intake. Methods: Adolescents [14.4 years old (SD = 2.0)] and their parents (N = 2383 parent-adolescent pairs] participated in 2 coordinated, population-based studies. Adolescent surveys were completed at school and parent surveys were conducted via mail or phone. Results: Healthy home food availability was positively associated with fruit/vegetable intake and negatively associated with soda and snack food intake in adolescents. Healthy parental modeling was negatively associated with adolescent soda consumption. Food restriction was positively associated with fruit/vegetable consumption and snack food intake. Examination of family eating environment profiles revealed that it was the home food availability component of the profiles that was associated with observed differences in fruits/vegetable consumption, whereas the parental modeling and food restriction components contributed to differences in soda and snack foods consumption. Conclusions: Findings indicate that among the three aspects of the family eating environment explored, making healthy food available at home was most consistently associated with healthy dietary intake in adolescents.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The project described was supported by Grant Numbers R01HL084064 and R01HL093247-02 (PI: D. Neumark-Sztainer) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute . The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute or the National Institutes of Health. K. Loth's time was funded by Grant T32 MH082761-01 from the National Institute of Mental Health . The contents of this presentation are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute or the National Institutes of Mental Health. K Loth and R MacLehose had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. The authors have no potential conflicts of interest and no commercial relationships to disclose.
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- Dietary intake
- Food-related parenting practices
- Home food environment
- Parent feeding practices
- Parent modeling