Following up TESS single transits with archival photometry and radial velocities

Xinyu Yao, Joshua Pepper, B. Scott Gaudi, Paul A. Dalba, Jennifer A. Burt, Robert A. Wittenmyer, Diana Dragomir, Joseph E. Rodriguez, Steven Villanueva, Daniel J. Stevens, Keivan G. Stassun, David J. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission is expected to discover hundreds of planets via single transits first identified in their light curves. Determining the orbital period of these single-transit candidates typically requires a significant amount of follow-up work to observe a second transit or measure a radial velocity (RV) orbit. In Yao et al., we developed simulations that demonstrated the ability to use archival photometric data in combination with TESS to “precover” the orbital period for these candidates with a precision of several minutes, assuming circular orbits. In this work, we incorporate updated models for TESS single transits, allowing for eccentric orbits, along with an updated methodology to improve the reliability of the results. Additionally, we explore how RV observations can be used to follow up single-transit events, using strategies distinct from those employed when the orbital period is known. We find that the use of an estimated period based on a circular orbit to schedule reconnaissance RV observations can efficiently distinguish eclipsing binaries from planets. For candidates that pass reconnaissance RV observations, we simulate RV monitoring campaigns that enable one to obtain an approximate orbital solution. We find that this method can regularly determine the orbital periods for planets more massive than 0.5 MJ with orbital periods as long as 100 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

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© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


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