Folding and crumpling adaptive sheets

Rahul Narain, Tobias Pfaff, James F. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


We present a technique for simulating plastic deformation in sheets of thin materials, such as crumpled paper, dented metal, and wrinkled cloth. Our simulation uses a framework of adaptive mesh refinement to dynamically align mesh edges with folds and creases. This framework allows efficient modeling of sharp features and avoids bend locking that would be otherwise caused by stiff in-plane behavior. By using an explicit plastic embedding space we prevent remeshing from causing shape diffusion. We include several examples demonstrating that the resulting method realistically simulates the behavior of thin sheets as they fold and crumple.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number51
JournalACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • Bending
  • Cloth simulation
  • Paper
  • Plastic deformation
  • Thin sheets


Dive into the research topics of 'Folding and crumpling adaptive sheets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this