Focal ventricular arrhythmias originating from the left ventricle adjacent to the membranous septum

Takumi Yamada, Vance J. Plumb, Hugh Thomas McElderry, Harish Doppalapudi, Andrew E. Epstein, George Neal Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims We report the features of focal ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) arising from the left ventricle (LV) adjacent to the membranous septum. Methods and results We studied eight patients (five men, 65 ± 10 years) with (n = 2) or without structural heart disease (n = 6) who had ventricular tachycardia (n = 4) or premature ventricular contractions (n = 4) originating from the LV septum underneath the aorta. Ventricular arrhythmias exhibited a focal activation pattern, left (n = 4) or right bundle branch block (n = 4), respectively, left superior (n = 4) or inferior axis QRS morphology (n = 4), negative QRS polarity in lead III and early or no precordial transition in all. During all of these VAs, far-field electrograms in the His bundle (HB) region preceded the QRS onset. In all patients, ventricular pre-potentials were recorded during VAs while late potentials were recorded in sinus rhythm at the border of a localized low-voltage area underneath the aorta. Radiofrequency catheter ablation at the presumed sites of origin successfully eliminated VAs in five patients and was abandoned in the remaining three because the HB electrogram was recorded at that site. Conclusion Focal VAs may arise from the LV adjacent to the membranous septum as a part of the LV ostium, and broadens the spectrum of LV ostium VAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1467-1474
Number of pages8
JournalEuropace
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Focal
  • Left ventricle
  • Membranous septum
  • Radiofrequency catheter ablation
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

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