Fluoride-bridged {GdIII3MIII2} (M=Cr, Fe, Ga) molecular magnetic refrigerants

Kasper S. Pedersen, Giulia Lorusso, Juan José Morales, Thomas Weyhermüller, Stergios Piligkos, Saurabh Kumar Singh, Dennis Larsen, Magnus Schau-Magnussen, Gopalan Rajaraman, Marco Evangelisti, Jesper Bendix

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Abstract

The reaction of fac-[MIIIF3(Me3tacn)] ×x H2O with Gd(NO3)3×5H 2O affords a series of fluoride-bridged, trigonal bipyramidal {GdIII3MIII2} (M=Cr (1), Fe (2), Ga (3)) complexes without signs of concomitant GdF3 formation, thereby demonstrating the applicability even of labile fluoride-complexes as precursors for 3d-4f systems. Molecular geometry enforces weak exchange interactions, which is rationalized computationally. This, in conjunction with a lightweight ligand sphere, gives rise to large magnetic entropy changes of 38.3 J kg-1 K-1 (1) and 33.1 J kg-1 K-1 (2) for the field change 7 T→0 T. Interestingly, the entropy change, and the magnetocaloric effect, are smaller in 2 than in 1 despite the larger spin ground state of the former secured by intramolecular Fe-Gd ferromagnetic interactions. This observation underlines the necessity of controlling not only the ground state but also close-lying excited states for successful design of molecular refrigerants. Molecular coolers: Even labile fluoride complexes (see picture; Gd purple, Cr/Fe/Ga orange, F green, O red) are useful precursors for polynuclear, fluoride-bridged 3d-4f systems. Molecular geometry enforces weak exchange interactions, which is rationalized computationally. This, in conjunction with a lightweight auxiliary ligand sphere, gives rise to extremely large magnetic entropy changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2394-2397
Number of pages4
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 24 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • density functional calculations
  • fluoride ligands
  • lanthanides
  • magnetic properties
  • magnetic refrigeration

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