Flow-Structure Interaction Simulations of the Aortic Heart Valve at Physiologic Conditions: The Role of Tissue Constitutive Model

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Abstract

The blood flow patterns in the region around the aortic valve depend on the geometry of the aorta and on the complex flow-structure interaction between the pulsatile flow and the valve leaflets. Consequently, the flow depends strongly on the constitutive properties of the tissue, which can be expected to vary between healthy and diseased heart valves or native and prosthetic valves. The main goal of this work is to qualitatively demonstrate that the choice of the constitutive model of the aortic valve is critical in analysis of heart hemodynamics. To accomplish that two different constitutive models were used in curvilinear immersed boundary-finite element-fluid-structure interaction (CURVIB-FE-FSI) method developed by Gilmanov et al. (2015, "A Numerical Approach for Simulating Fluid Structure Interaction of Flexible Thin Shells Undergoing Arbitrarily Large Deformations in Complex Domains," J. Comput. Phys., 300, pp. 814-843.) to simulate an aortic valve in an anatomic aorta at physiologic conditions. The two constitutive models are: (1) the Saint-Venant (StV) model and (2) the modified May-Newman&Yin (MNY) model. The MNY model is more general and includes nonlinear, anisotropic effects. It is appropriate to model the behavior of both prosthetic and biological tissue including native valves. Both models are employed to carry out FSI simulations of the same valve in the same aorta anatomy. The computed results reveal dramatic differences in both the vorticity dynamics in the aortic sinus and the wall shear-stress patterns on the aortic valve leaflets and underscore the importance of tissue constitutive models for clinically relevant simulations of aortic valves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number041003
JournalJournal of biomechanical engineering
Volume140
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

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