Flow measurements in a nozzle guide vane passage with a low aspect ratio and endwall contouring

Steven W. Burd, Terrence W Simon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The vast number of turbine cascade studies in the literature has been performed in straight-endwall, high-aspect-ratio, linear cascades. As a result, there has been little appreciation for the role of, and added complexity imposed by, reduced aspect ratios. There also has been little documentation of endwall profiling at these reduced spans. To examine the role of these factors on cascade hydrodynamics, a largescale nozzle guide vane simulator was constructed at the Heat Transfer Laboratory of the University of Minnesota. This cascade is comprised of three airfoils between one contoured and one flat endwall. The geometries of the airfoils and endwalls, as well as the experimental conditions in the simulator, are representative of those in commercial operation. Measurements with hot-wire anemometry were taken to characterize the flow approaching the cascade. These measurements show that the flow field in this cascade is highly elliptic and influenced by pressure gradients that are established within the cascade. Exit flow field measurements with triple-sensor anemometry and pressure measurements within the cascade indicate that the acceleration imposed by endwall contouring and airfoil turning is able to suppress the size and strength of key secondary flow features. In addition, the flow field near the contoured endwall differs significantly from that adjacent to the straight endwall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791878569, 9780791878569
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
EventASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2000 - Munich, Germany
Duration: May 8 2000May 11 2000

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume3

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2000
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period5/8/005/11/00

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    Burd, S. W., & Simon, T. W. (2000). Flow measurements in a nozzle guide vane passage with a low aspect ratio and endwall contouring. In Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 3). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/2000-GT-0213