Purpose: To determine if complete flow obliteration by covered stents reduces intraaneurysm pressures in internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms.
Methods: A single lumen microcatheter was placed into the aneurysm sac prior to covered stent deployment in 3 patients and connected to a pressure monitoring system. The intraaneurysm pressure was continuously monitored, and readings were recorded prior to and immediately after stent deployment and at 5-minute intervals up to 20 minutes after stent placement. Complete occlusion of flow into the aneurysms was confirmed by carotid angiography.
Results: There was no change in mean pressure within the aneurysm before and immediately after stent placement (80 mmHg) in any patient, nor was there a change in waveform of the intra-aneurysm pressure recording. The average of intra-aneurysm pressures among the 3 patients was higher (99 mmHg) at 10 and 15 minutes after stent placement. In 2 patients, the microcatheter was retracted into the parent arterial lumen; no difference in pressure was noted.
Conclusion: Our observations suggest no change in the pressures within the aneurysm after complete flow cessation (flow-independent). These findings may assist clinicians in better understanding aneurysm hemodynamics and rupture after covered stent deployment.
- Aneurysm rupture
- Aneurysm wall
- Covered stent
- Internal carotid artery
- Intra-aneurysm pressure
- Intrasac pressure
- Pressure transmission