Flow Boiling Pressure Drop Characteristics in Rectangular Channels under Uniform and Non-Uniform Heating

Rulei Sun, Gongle Song, Dalin Zhang, G. H. Su, F. A. Kulacki, Wenxi Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pressure drop characteristics in flow boiling in a vertical rectangular channel (2.0 mm × 60 mm × 1000 mm) are reported under uniform and non-uniform transverse wall heating. The test section has symmetrical wall power, and the effective heating area is 56 mm × 700 mm. A wide range of operating conditions is obtained by varying the inlet pressure and mass flow. Results show that the variation of the pressure drop gradients with thermal parameters is similar under uniform and non-uniform wall heating. The pressure drop gradient decreases as the saturation pressure increases and increases significantly as the mass flow rate increases. It remains nearly constant or slightly decreases with increasing vapor quality at low mass flux, while it decreases slightly first and then rises rapidly at high mass flux. The homogeneous flow model using the equivalent viscosity assumption significantly underestimates experimental values, and the data dispersion is relatively large. The Beattie-Whalley correlation has a relatively good prediction, with a weighted mean absolute percent error (WMAPE) of 24.6%. The Muller-Steinhagen-Heck and Li-Wu correlations are found to be the best with WMAPE of 11.1% and 12.2% respectively, and most of the predicted values are within a ±20% error band. A new correlation based on the forms of Muller-Steinhagen-Heck correlation is proposed, the Bond number is introduced, and measurements are within ±8% of predictions. The lateral power distribution has an important influence on the flow boiling pressure drop, which can be attributed to the effects of void distribution and transverse flow. The non-uniform wall power distributions increase the pressure drop gradient compared to that of the uniform distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number119811
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume157
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Flow boiling
  • Power distribution
  • Pressure drop
  • Rectangular channel

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