Flexible Distributed Pressure Sensing Strip for a Urethral Catheter

Mahdi Ahmadi, Rajesh Rajamani, Gerald W Timm, A. Serdar Sezen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A multi-sensor flexible strip is developed for a urethral catheter to measure distributed pressure in a human urethra. The developed sensor strip has important clinical applications in urodynamic testing for analyzing the causes of urinary incontinence in patients. There are two major challenges in the development of the sensor. First, a highly sensitive sensor strip that is flexible enough for urethral insertion into a human body is required. Second, the sensor has to work reliably in a liquid in vivo environment in the human body. Capacitive force sensors are designed and micro-fabricated using polyimide/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates and copper electrodes. To remove the parasitic influence of urethral tissues, which create fringe capacitance that can lead to significant errors, a reference fringe capacitance measurement sensor is incorporated on the strip. The sensing strip is embedded on a catheter and experimental in vitro evaluation is presented using a bench-top pressure chamber. The sensors on the strip are able to provide the required sensitivity and the range. Preliminary experimental results also show promise that by using measurements from the reference parasitic sensor on the strip, the influence of parasitics from human tissue on the pressure measurements can be removed. [2014-0316].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7163504
Pages (from-to)1840-1847
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1992-2012 IEEE.


  • Instrumented catheter
  • capacitive sensors
  • catheter pressure sensors
  • in vivo force sensors
  • in vivo sensors
  • parasitic capacitance
  • urethral sensors


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