Flavor-changing light bosons with accidental longevity

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We consider a model with a complex scalar field that couples to (e, μ) or (μ, τ) within the “longevity” window: [ml1−ml2ml1+ml2] in which l1 and l2 are the two different charged leptons. Within such a mass window, even a relatively large coupling (e.g. of the size commensurate with the current accuracy/discrepancy in the muon g − 2 experiment) leads to long lifetimes and macroscopic propagation distance between production and decay points. We propose to exploit several existing neutrino experiments and one future experiment to probe the parameter space of this model. For the μ − e sector, we exploit the muonium decay branching ratio and the production and decay sequence at the LSND experiment, excluding the parametric region suggested by gμ − 2 anomaly. For the τ − μ sector, we analyze three main production mechanisms of scalars at beam dump experiments: the Drell-Yan process, the heavy meson decay, and the muon scattering. We explore the constraints from the past CHARM and NuTeV experiments, and evaluate sensitivity for the proposed beam dump experiment, SHiP. The latter can thoroughly probe the parameter space relevant for the gμ− 2 anomaly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).


  • Baryon/Lepton Number Violation
  • Dark Matter at Colliders
  • Flavour Symmetries
  • Theories of Flavour


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