Five-year prospective clinical evaluation of highly crystalline HA MP-1-coated dental implants.

Todd Thierer, John P. Davliakos, J. Daulton Keith, John J. Sanders, Dennis P. Tarnow, James A. Rivers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contemporary plasma-sprayed hydroxylapatite (HA) coatings with high crystalline content are much more resistant to in vivo degradation than HA coatings of a decade ago but reportedly exhibit reduced wettability, which could potentially negatively affect tissue adhesion and long-term clinical outcome. The present prospective study was undertaken to determine if highly crystalline HA MP-1-coated implants could meet a minimum 5-year implant success rate standard of 85% in view of their previously reported decreased wettability. Study subjects were consecutive patients with 1 or more missing teeth in the maxillary and/or mandibular jaw who presented in 3 university dental clinics and 1 private dental practice. A total of 120 patients were treated per protocol and successfully restored with implant-supported prostheses. Four implants failed in 3 patients and were withdrawn from the study. There were no other irresolvable adverse events. Cumulative implant success at 5 years was 97% (n = 184 implants in 88 patients), which exceeded the 85% standard for implant success after 5 years of clinical function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of oral implantology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2008

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