Five Types of Marriage: An Empirical Typology Based On ENRICH

David H. Olson, Blaine J. Fowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


This study identified five distinct types of married couples from a sample of 6,267 couples, using the marital inventory ENRICH. Profiles were derived using a three-stage cluster analytic procedure, including an exploratory cluster analysis, a replication of the exploratory results, and a cross-validation. The five-cluster solution was robust. “Vitalized” couples (12%) reported high relationship quality on all dimensions. “Harmonious” couples (11%) had relatively high relationship quality. “Traditional” couples (16%) had scores that were slightly above average with markedly higher scores on parenting and religion scales. “Conflicted” couples (25%) were characterized by moderately low scores on all but the roles scale. The “Devitalized” group (36%) had the lowest scores on every ENRICH dimension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-207
Number of pages12
JournalThe Family Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1993


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