American children eat relatively little fish and shellfish in comparison with other sources of animal protein, despite the health benefits that eating fish and shellfish may confer. At the same time, fish and shellfish may be sources of toxicants. This report serves to inform pediatricians about available research that elucidates health risks and benefits associated with fish and shellfish consumption in childhood as well as the sustainability of fish and shellfish harvests.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: Dr Bernstein has received no funding for this project. Dr de Ferranti has received royalties for UpToDate articles on cholesterol and cardiovascular risk factors in childhood, the New England Congenital Cardiology Foundation, and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Pediatric Heart Network. Dr Oken has received funding from the National Institutes of Health (P30 ES00002, P30 DK040561, R01 ES016314, K24 HD069408 P30 DK092924, R01AI102960) and royalties for an UpToDate article on Fish Consumption During Pregnancy. Funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Copyright © 2019 by the American Academy of Pediatrics