First courses in statistical science: The status of educational reform efforts

Joan Garfield, Bob Hogg, Candace Schau, Dex Whittinghill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


Over the past twenty years much has been written about the introductory or service course in statistics. Historically, this course has been viewed as difficult and unpleasant by many students and frustrating and unrewarding to teach by many instructors. Dissatisfactions with the introductory course have led people to suggest new models for the course, to lead workshops to reexamine this course (Hogg 1992), and to offer recommendations for how the course should be changed (Cobb 1992). This paper presents the results of a survey of teachers of the first statistics course, to determine the impact of reform efforts on the teaching of statistics. Suggestions and guidelines for teaching these courses are offered, based on the results of the survey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Statistics Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2002


  • Introductory statistics
  • Undergraduate Statistics Education Initiative (USEI)


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