Finite-difference-pseudopotential method: Electronic structure calculations without a basis

James R. Chelikowsky, N. Troullier, Yousef Saad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

670 Scopus citations


We present a method for performing electronic structure calculations without the explicit use of a basis. We combine a finite-difference approach with ab initio pseudopotentials. In contrast to methods which use a plane wave basis, our calculations are performed completely in ''real space.'' No artifacts such as supercell geometries need be introduced for localized systems. Although this approach is easier to implement than one with a plane wave basis, no loss of accuracy occurs. The electronic structure of several diatomic molecules, Si2, C2, O2, and CO, are calculated to illustrate the utility of this method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1240-1243
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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