Fine-mapping type 2 diabetes loci to single-variant resolution using high-density imputation and islet-specific epigenome maps

Anubha Mahajan, Daniel Taliun, Matthias Thurner, Neil R. Robertson, Jason M. Torres, N. William Rayner, Anthony J. Payne, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Robert A. Scott, Niels Grarup, James P. Cook, Ellen M. Schmidt, Matthias Wuttke, Chloé Sarnowski, Reedik Mägi, Jana Nano, Christian Gieger, Stella Trompet, Cécile Lecoeur, Michael H. PreussBram Peter Prins, Xiuqing Guo, Lawrence F. Bielak, Jennifer E. Below, Donald W. Bowden, John Campbell Chambers, Young Jin Kim, Maggie C.Y. Ng, Lauren E. Petty, Xueling Sim, Weihua Zhang, Amanda J. Bennett, Jette Bork-Jensen, Chad M. Brummett, Mickaël Canouil, Kai Uwe Ec kardt, Krista Fischer, Sharon L.R. Kardia, Florian Kronenberg, Kristi Läll, Ching Ti Liu, Adam E. Locke, Jian’an Luan, Ioanna Ntalla, Vibe Nylander, Sebastian Schönherr, Claudia Schurmann, Loïc Yengo, Erwin P. Bottinger, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, George Dedoussis, Jose C. Florez, Ian Ford, Oscar H. Franco, Timothy M. Frayling, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Sophie Hackinger, Andrew T. Hattersley, Christian Herder, M. Arfan Ikram, Martin Ingelsson, Marit E. Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Jennifer Kriebel, Johanna Kuusisto, Symen Ligthart, Cecilia M. Lindgren, Allan Linneberg, Valeriya Lyssenko, Vasiliki Mamakou, Thomas Meitinger, Karen L. Mohlke, Andrew D. Morris, Girish Nadkarni, James S. Pankow, Annette Peters, Naveed Sattar, Alena Stančáková, Konstantin Strauch, Kent D. Taylor, Barbara Thorand, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Daniel R. Witte, Josée Dupuis, Patricia A. Peyser, Eleftheria Zeggini, Ruth J.F. Loos, Philippe Froguel, Erik Ingelsson, Lars Lind, Leif Groop, Markku Laakso, Francis S. Collins, J. Wouter Jukema, Colin N.A. Palmer, Harald Grallert, Andres Metspalu, Abbas Dehghan, Anna Köttgen, Goncalo R. Abecasis, James B. Meigs, Jerome I. Rotter, Jonathan Marchini, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J. Wareham, Kari Stefansson, Anna L. Gloyn, Andrew P. Morris, Michael Boehnke, Mark I. McCarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We expanded GWAS discovery for type 2 diabetes (T2D) by combining data from 898,130 European-descent individuals (9% cases), after imputation to high-density reference panels. With these data, we (i) extend the inventory of T2D-risk variants (243 loci, 135 newly implicated in T2D predisposition, comprising 403 distinct association signals); (ii) enrich discovery of lower-frequency risk alleles (80 index variants with minor allele frequency <5%, 14 with estimated allelic odds ratio >2); (iii) substantially improve fine-mapping of causal variants (at 51 signals, one variant accounted for >80% posterior probability of association (PPA)); (iv) extend fine-mapping through integration of tissue-specific epigenomic information (islet regulatory annotations extend the number of variants with PPA >80% to 73); (v) highlight validated therapeutic targets (18 genes with associations attributable to coding variants); and (vi) demonstrate enhanced potential for clinical translation (genome-wide chip heritability explains 18% of T2D risk; individuals in the extremes of a T2D polygenic risk score differ more than ninefold in prevalence).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1505-1513
Number of pages9
JournalNature Genetics
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

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    Mahajan, A., Taliun, D., Thurner, M., Robertson, N. R., Torres, J. M., Rayner, N. W., Payne, A. J., Steinthorsdottir, V., Scott, R. A., Grarup, N., Cook, J. P., Schmidt, E. M., Wuttke, M., Sarnowski, C., Mägi, R., Nano, J., Gieger, C., Trompet, S., Lecoeur, C., ... McCarthy, M. I. (2018). Fine-mapping type 2 diabetes loci to single-variant resolution using high-density imputation and islet-specific epigenome maps. Nature Genetics, 50(11), 1505-1513. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0241-6