Film cooling effect of rotor-stator purge flow on endwall heat/mass transfer

M. Papa, V. Srinivasan, R. J. Goldstein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mass transfer measurements on the endwall and blade suction surfaces are performed in a five-blade linear cascade with a high-performance rotor blade profile. The effects of purge flow from the wheelspace cavity entering the hot gas path are simulated by injecting air through a slot upstream of the blade row at 45° to the endwall, for Reynolds number of 6×105 based on blade true chord and cascade exit velocity, and blowing ratios of 0.5, 1 and 1.5. Detailed maps of cooling effectiveness on the passage endwall and blade suction surface are generated for the cases of injection of naphthalene-free and naphthalenesaturated air. Oil-dot visualization indicates that with injection, a recirculation region is set up upstream of the leading edge, and the growth of the passage vortex is altered. The coolant exiting from the slot is drawn to the suction side of the blade and is pushed up along the suction surface of the blade by the secondary flow. For blowing ratios of 0.5 and 1.0, only a little coolant reaches the pressure side in the aft part of the passage. However, at a blowing ratio of 1.5, there is a dramatic change in the flow structure. Both the oil dot visualization and the cooling effectiveness maps indicate that at this blowing ratio, the coolant exiting the slot has sufficient momentum to closely follow the blade profile, and is not significantly entrained into the passage vortex. As a result, high cooling effectiveness values are obtained at the pressure side of the endwall, well into the mid-chord and aft portions of the blade passage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME Turbo Expo 2010
Subtitle of host publicationPower for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2010
Pages1729-1738
Number of pages10
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
EventASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2010 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 14 2010Jun 18 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume4

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2010
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period6/14/106/18/10

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