Field testing guidelines for certification of manufactured stormwater BMPs: Part II

John Sansalone, Jeff Benty, Ernie Carrasco, John Gulliver, Jon Hathaway, Bill Hunt, Masoud Kayhanian, Uday Khambhammettu, Robert M. Roseen, Betty Rushton, Tim Williams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Guidance from information and field testing concepts examined by the ASCE/EWRI Subcommittee on Field Testing is presented. Field-testing of manufactured treatment devices requires critical planning and implementation through all steps of the verification process from watershed/catchment selection, to testing and analytical protocols, to data evaluation and quality assurance and control measures, to data reporting guidelines. Ultimately the goal of field testing is to provide verification of analytical or numerical models for BMPs that have been developed through scaled or full-scale controlled physical model testing. The desired goals and outcomes must be known and designed into the entire verification process. Ultimately, the entire process leads to a defensible model that represents a quantitative yardstick for both deterministic and probabilistic evaluations of a BMP for stakeholders across a range of regional conditions. This committee is focused on field verification of a BMP for separation of particulate matter (PM) from rainfall-runoff and snowmelt. Towards this goal, the entire gradation of PM requires characterization for a BMP field evaluation, in particular the suspended fraction because of the mobility and acute bio-availability of this finer fraction. On the other hand, the coarse sediment fraction is of particular importance because this coarse fraction fills many BMPs and is most labile. A fundamental, transferable and defensible methodology is considered which includes particle size distributions (PSD) combined with gravimetric index tests for PM: total suspended solids (TSS) and suspended sediment concentration (SSC). TSS by definition is the PM fraction remaining suspended in an Imhoff Cone after one hour, although current methods utilize sub-sampling generate controversy as to the meaning of the measurement. However TSS remains in use because of ubiquitous usage, regulatory significance and as an important index of treatability. In contrast, SSC provides a gravimetric analysis of the entire sample and therefore limited bias, and outstanding reliability and repeatability. Quality assurance and feedback protocol are a necessary part of the testing protocol. We must recognize the range of challenges and collect sufficient representative data within an event and across events so that the role of such uniqueness can be quantified for the specific BMP or BMPs tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009
Subtitle of host publicationGreat Rivers
Pages1133-1142
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2009
EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers - Kansas City, MO, United States
Duration: May 17 2009May 21 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
Volume342

Other

OtherWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City, MO
Period5/17/095/21/09

Keywords

  • Best Management Practices
  • Hydrology
  • Mass Balances
  • Particle Size Distributions
  • Particulate Matter
  • Rainfall-Runoff
  • Stormwater
  • Unit Operations
  • Unit Processes
  • Watersheds

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    Sansalone, J., Benty, J., Carrasco, E., Gulliver, J., Hathaway, J., Hunt, B., Kayhanian, M., Khambhammettu, U., Roseen, R. M., Rushton, B., & Williams, T. (2009). Field testing guidelines for certification of manufactured stormwater BMPs: Part II. In Proceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers (pp. 1133-1142). (Proceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers; Vol. 342). https://doi.org/10.1061/41036(342)113