Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania

Findings, challenges, and lessons learned

Elizabeth Lonsdorf, Dominic A Travis, Richard Ssuna, Emma Lantz, Michael L Wilson, Kathryn Gamble, Karen Terio, Fabian Leendertz, Bernhard Ehlers, Brandon Keele, Beatrice Hahn, Thomas Gillespie, Joel Pond, Jane Raphael, Anthony Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infectious diseases are widely presumed to be one of the greatest threats to ape conservation in the wild. Human diseases are of particular concern, and the costs and benefits of human presence in protected areas with apes are regularly debated. While numerous syndromes with fatal outcomes have recently been described, precise identification of pathogens remains difficult. These diagnostic difficulties are compounded by the fact that direct veterinary intervention on wild apes is quite rare. Here we present the unique case of a wild chimpanzee at Gombe National Park that was observed with a severe illness and was subsequently examined and treated in the field. Multiple specimens were collected and tested with the aim of identifying the pathogen responsible for the illness. Our findings represent the first extensive screening of a living wild chimpanzee, yet despite our efforts, the cause and source of illness remain unknown. Nevertheless, our findings represent valuable baseline data for the ape conservation community and for comparison with other recent findings. In addition, we present the case here to demonstrate the planning required and multiple types of expertise necessary to maximize the amount of data obtained from such a rare intervention, and to provide lessons learned for future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-99
Number of pages11
JournalPrimates
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Pongidae
Tanzania
Pan troglodytes
national parks
pathogen identification
human diseases
infectious diseases
conservation areas
planning
screening
pathogens

Keywords

  • Apes
  • Diagnostics
  • Disease
  • Health
  • Intervention

Cite this

Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania : Findings, challenges, and lessons learned. / Lonsdorf, Elizabeth; Travis, Dominic A; Ssuna, Richard; Lantz, Emma; Wilson, Michael L; Gamble, Kathryn; Terio, Karen; Leendertz, Fabian; Ehlers, Bernhard; Keele, Brandon; Hahn, Beatrice; Gillespie, Thomas; Pond, Joel; Raphael, Jane; Collins, Anthony.

In: Primates, Vol. 55, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 89-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lonsdorf, E, Travis, DA, Ssuna, R, Lantz, E, Wilson, ML, Gamble, K, Terio, K, Leendertz, F, Ehlers, B, Keele, B, Hahn, B, Gillespie, T, Pond, J, Raphael, J & Collins, A 2014, 'Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania: Findings, challenges, and lessons learned', Primates, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-013-0372-4
Lonsdorf, Elizabeth ; Travis, Dominic A ; Ssuna, Richard ; Lantz, Emma ; Wilson, Michael L ; Gamble, Kathryn ; Terio, Karen ; Leendertz, Fabian ; Ehlers, Bernhard ; Keele, Brandon ; Hahn, Beatrice ; Gillespie, Thomas ; Pond, Joel ; Raphael, Jane ; Collins, Anthony. / Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania : Findings, challenges, and lessons learned. In: Primates. 2014 ; Vol. 55, No. 1. pp. 89-99.
@article{db640d73b502421faf9adf424b368940,
title = "Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania: Findings, challenges, and lessons learned",
abstract = "Infectious diseases are widely presumed to be one of the greatest threats to ape conservation in the wild. Human diseases are of particular concern, and the costs and benefits of human presence in protected areas with apes are regularly debated. While numerous syndromes with fatal outcomes have recently been described, precise identification of pathogens remains difficult. These diagnostic difficulties are compounded by the fact that direct veterinary intervention on wild apes is quite rare. Here we present the unique case of a wild chimpanzee at Gombe National Park that was observed with a severe illness and was subsequently examined and treated in the field. Multiple specimens were collected and tested with the aim of identifying the pathogen responsible for the illness. Our findings represent the first extensive screening of a living wild chimpanzee, yet despite our efforts, the cause and source of illness remain unknown. Nevertheless, our findings represent valuable baseline data for the ape conservation community and for comparison with other recent findings. In addition, we present the case here to demonstrate the planning required and multiple types of expertise necessary to maximize the amount of data obtained from such a rare intervention, and to provide lessons learned for future studies.",
keywords = "Apes, Diagnostics, Disease, Health, Intervention",
author = "Elizabeth Lonsdorf and Travis, {Dominic A} and Richard Ssuna and Emma Lantz and Wilson, {Michael L} and Kathryn Gamble and Karen Terio and Fabian Leendertz and Bernhard Ehlers and Brandon Keele and Beatrice Hahn and Thomas Gillespie and Joel Pond and Jane Raphael and Anthony Collins",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10329-013-0372-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "89--99",
journal = "Primates",
issn = "0032-8332",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania

T2 - Findings, challenges, and lessons learned

AU - Lonsdorf, Elizabeth

AU - Travis, Dominic A

AU - Ssuna, Richard

AU - Lantz, Emma

AU - Wilson, Michael L

AU - Gamble, Kathryn

AU - Terio, Karen

AU - Leendertz, Fabian

AU - Ehlers, Bernhard

AU - Keele, Brandon

AU - Hahn, Beatrice

AU - Gillespie, Thomas

AU - Pond, Joel

AU - Raphael, Jane

AU - Collins, Anthony

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Infectious diseases are widely presumed to be one of the greatest threats to ape conservation in the wild. Human diseases are of particular concern, and the costs and benefits of human presence in protected areas with apes are regularly debated. While numerous syndromes with fatal outcomes have recently been described, precise identification of pathogens remains difficult. These diagnostic difficulties are compounded by the fact that direct veterinary intervention on wild apes is quite rare. Here we present the unique case of a wild chimpanzee at Gombe National Park that was observed with a severe illness and was subsequently examined and treated in the field. Multiple specimens were collected and tested with the aim of identifying the pathogen responsible for the illness. Our findings represent the first extensive screening of a living wild chimpanzee, yet despite our efforts, the cause and source of illness remain unknown. Nevertheless, our findings represent valuable baseline data for the ape conservation community and for comparison with other recent findings. In addition, we present the case here to demonstrate the planning required and multiple types of expertise necessary to maximize the amount of data obtained from such a rare intervention, and to provide lessons learned for future studies.

AB - Infectious diseases are widely presumed to be one of the greatest threats to ape conservation in the wild. Human diseases are of particular concern, and the costs and benefits of human presence in protected areas with apes are regularly debated. While numerous syndromes with fatal outcomes have recently been described, precise identification of pathogens remains difficult. These diagnostic difficulties are compounded by the fact that direct veterinary intervention on wild apes is quite rare. Here we present the unique case of a wild chimpanzee at Gombe National Park that was observed with a severe illness and was subsequently examined and treated in the field. Multiple specimens were collected and tested with the aim of identifying the pathogen responsible for the illness. Our findings represent the first extensive screening of a living wild chimpanzee, yet despite our efforts, the cause and source of illness remain unknown. Nevertheless, our findings represent valuable baseline data for the ape conservation community and for comparison with other recent findings. In addition, we present the case here to demonstrate the planning required and multiple types of expertise necessary to maximize the amount of data obtained from such a rare intervention, and to provide lessons learned for future studies.

KW - Apes

KW - Diagnostics

KW - Disease

KW - Health

KW - Intervention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890881385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890881385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10329-013-0372-4

DO - 10.1007/s10329-013-0372-4

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 89

EP - 99

JO - Primates

JF - Primates

SN - 0032-8332

IS - 1

ER -