Field Evaluation of Cotton Expressing Mpp51Aa2 as a Management Tool for Cotton Fleahoppers, Pseudatomoscelis seriatus (Reuter)

Brady P. Arthur, Charles P. Suh, Benjamin M. McKnight, Megha N. Parajulee, Fei Yang, David L. Kerns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cotton fleahopper (Pseudatomoscelis seriatus Reuter) is considered a highly economically damaging pest of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Texas and Oklahoma. Current control methods rely heavily on the use of foliar-applied chemical insecticides, but considering the cost of insecticides and the critical timeliness of applications, chemical control methods are often not optimized to reduce potential yield losses from this pest. The Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Mpp51Aa2 (formerly Cry51Aa2.834_16) protein has proven effective against thrips and plant bugs with piercing and sucking feeding behaviors, but the impact of this toxin on cotton fleahoppers has not been investigated. To evaluate the Mpp51Aa2 trait effectiveness towards the cotton fleahopper, field trials were conducted in 2019, 2020, and 2021, comparing a cotton cultivar containing the Mpp51Aa2 trait to a non-traited isoline cultivar under insecticide-treated and untreated conditions. Populations of cotton fleahopper nymphs and adults were estimated weekly by visually inspecting cotton terminals. Square retention was also assessed during the first week of bloom to provide some insight on how the Bt trait may influence yield. While cotton fleahopper population differences between the traited and non-traited plants were not consistently noted during the pre-bloom squaring period, there was a consistent increase in square retention in cotton expressing Mpp51Aa2 relative to non-traited cotton. Additionally, cotton expressing Mpp51Aa2 offered similar square protection relative to non-traited cotton treated with insecticides for the cotton fleahopper. These findings indicate that the Mpp51Aa2 protein should provide benefits of delayed nymphal growth, population suppression, and increased square retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number644
JournalToxins
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Gossypium hirsutum
  • Mpp51Aa2
  • Psuedatomoscelis seriatus
  • ThryvOn
  • cotton fleahopper

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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