Fiber-knob modifications enhance adenoviral tropism and gene transfer in malignant glioma

Sophy Zheng, Ilya V. Ulasov, Yu Han, Matthew A Tyler, Zeng B. Zhu, Maciej S. Lesniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Malignant gliomas remain refractory to Ad5-mediated gene therapy due to deficiency of the coxsackie adenovirus receptor on tumor cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether changes in adenoviral tropism can enhance gene transfer in the context of malignant glioma. Methods: We have identified several receptors that are over-expressed on tumor cells and created a series of pseudotyped AdS vectors that recognize these receptors: Ad5-RGD which binds α vβ3/αvβ5 integrins; Ad5/3 which contains adenovirus serotype 3 knob and binds to CD46; Ad5-Sigma which incorporates the reovirus sigma knob and binds to junctional adhesion molecule-1; and Ad5-pk7 which contains the polylysine motif and binds heparan sulfate proteoglycans. We also investigated the Ad5-CAV1 vector which contains the knob of canine adenovirus type 1, a virus previously shown to infect glioma via an unknown mechanism. In this study, we compared these modified vectors for their ability to promote the expression of luciferase transgene both in vitro and in vivo. Results: Our results indicate that all five modified vectors attained higher mean luciferase activity vs. control. Among them, Ad5-CAV1 and Ad5-pk7 attained the highest transduction efficiency independent of different tumor lines or infection time. Ad5-Sigma and Ad5-pk7 also demonstrated the least nonspecific infection in normal human astrocytes. Most importantly, Ad5-pk7 achieved 1000-fold increased transgene expression in human glioma xenografts in vivo. Conclusions: These results indicate that modifications of adenoviral tropism can enhance gene transfer in tumors that are poorly susceptible to adenoviral vectors and warrant further development of Ad5-pk7 for glioma gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Gene Medicine
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenoviral vectors
  • Gene therapy
  • Glioma
  • Heparan sulfate proteoglycan
  • Malignant brain tumors

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