The main objective of the current research was to study the reproductive behaviour of artificial triploid potato hybrids between wild Solanum commersonii and the cultivated potato Solanum tuberosum. When used in 3x × 2x crosses, triploids gave aneuploid progenies with somatic chromosome number ranging from 29 to 36. Fertilization fitness data suggested that the survival rate of gametes produced by the triploid parents may be related to their chromosome number. In addition, consistent with molecular data, our results indicated that fitness of gametes and chromosome number of progenies are influenced by the genome dosage of interspecific triploids. Since a main route to polyploidy formation is via 2n gametes and triploids, our study may contribute to a better understanding of polyploid plant reproduction, evolution and breeding.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Department of Soil, Plant, Environmental and Animal Production Sciences (DiSSPAPA), University of Naples Federico II (contribution no. 221).
- AFLP markers
- Endosperm balance number
- fertilization fitness