During an attempt to accumulate 40 Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus (BVDV) seronegative cows for breeding and for intramuscular infection on Day 21 of gestation, a persistently infected cow was inadvertently included among the first group of seronegative animals assembled. This animal proceeded to infect all seronegative animals added to the experimental herd. Since the addition of cows was gradual and they were bred as they arrived, a group of cows was bred before they seroconverted, another group was inseminated during seroconversion and a third group was seropositive when bred. First service conception rates were 22.2, 44.4 and 78.6%, respectively. The difference between 22.2 and 78.6% conception rates was significant (P < 0.05). Thirty cows were diagnosed pregnant at 21 d after service on the basis of nonreturn to estrus, presence of a palpable corpus luteum and high serum progesterone concentration. Seventeen of these received cytopathic BVDV intramuscularly and 13 cows served as controls. All control cows and 9 of 17 (52.9%) virus-treated cows had normal fetuses and placentas at slaughter on Day 70. Six pregnancies were lost between 23 and 33 d after insemination and two were lost between 35 and 40 d after insemination. Noncytopathic BVDV was demonstrated in all eight of these cows either in the buffy coat or in tissues, despite the presence of serum neutralizing antibodies.
- noncytopathic BVDV