The presence of prostatic glandular tissue in female pseudohermaphrodites has previously been documented. However, prostatic neoplasia in this clinical setting has not been reported. A karyotypic female with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency developed a prostatic adenocarcinoma associated with elevated serum prostatic specific antigen levels and osteoblastic skeletal metastases. This demonstrates that this tissue in pseudohermaphrodites can become malignant. In addition, the patient subsequently developed clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium, possibly related to radiation therapy for the prostatic adenocarcinoma. This demonstrates that female pseudohermaphrodites may be at risk not only for malignancies seen in genotypic females but also prostate cancer.
- 21-hydroxylase deficiency
- Clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Prostatic adenocarcinoma