Objective: To describe common facilitators, challenges, and lessons learned in 5 schools and colleges of pharmacy in establishing community pharmacy research fellowships. Setting: Five schools and colleges of pharmacy in the United States. Practice description: Schools and colleges of pharmacy with existing community partnerships identified a need and ability to develop opportunities for pharmacists to engage in advanced research training. Practice innovation: Community pharmacy fellowships, each structured as 2 years long and in combination with graduate coursework, have been established at the University of Pittsburgh, Purdue University, East Tennessee State University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and The Ohio State University. Evaluation: Program directors from each of the 5 community pharmacy research fellowships identified common themes pertaining to program structure, outcomes, and lessons learned to assist others planning similar programs. Results: Common characteristics across the programs include length of training, prerequisites, graduate coursework, mentoring structure, and immersion into a pharmacist patient care practice. Common facilitators have been the existence of strong community pharmacy partnerships, creating a fellowship advisory team, and networking. A common challenge has been recruitment, with many programs experiencing at least one year without filling the fellowship position. All program graduates (n = 4) have been successful in securing pharmacy faculty positions. Conclusion: Five schools and colleges of pharmacy share similar experiences in implementing community pharmacy research fellowships. Early outcomes show promise for this training pathway in growing future pharmacist-scientists focused on community pharmacy practice.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the anonymous donor to the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy who made the first community pharmacy fellowship possible and the Hook Drug Foundation and the Lilly Endowment for providing funding for the community fellowship at the Purdue University College of Pharmacy.
Funding: A portion of Margie E. Snyder's effort was supported by grant number K08HS022119 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. A portion of Nicholas E. Hagemeier's effort, and the efforts of East Tennessee State University Gatton College of Pharmacy fellows, is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse grant number R24DA036409. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
© 2016 American Pharmacists Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.