Feline Idiopathic Lower Urinary Tract Disease. Part III. Diagnosis

Tina S. Kalkstein, John M. Kruger, Carl A. Osborne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The diagnosis of feline idiopathic lower urinary tract disease (iLUTD) depends on excluding other causes of hematuria, dysuria, and pollakiuria. Because no single test or procedure is pathognomonic for iLUTD, a combination of tests is recommended to establish diagnosis. Comprehensive diagnostic evaluation of the lower urinary tract may encompass a complete history and physical examination, hemogram and serum chemistry profile, complete urinalysis, quantitative urine culture for aerobic bacteria, survey abdominal radiography, contrast urethrocystography, ultrasonography, urethrocystoscopy, and surgical biopsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-394+448
JournalCompendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999


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