Featured Article: Pharmacological postconditioning with delta opioid attenuates myocardial reperfusion injury in isolated porcine hearts

Maria Seewald, James A. Coles, Daniel C. Sigg, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemic preconditioning has been utilized to protect the heart from ischemia prior to ischemia onset, whereas postconditioning is employed to minimize the consequences of ischemia at the onset of reperfusion. The underlying mechanisms and pathways of ischemic pre- and postconditioning continue to be investigated as therapeutic targets. We evaluated the administration of a delta opioid agonist or cariporide on various parameters associated with myocardial reperfusion injury upon reperfusion of isolated porcine hearts. The hearts were reperfused in vitro with a Krebs buffer containing either: (1) 1 µM Deltorphin D (delta opioid specific agonist, n = 6); (2) 3 µM cariporide (sodium–hydrogen exchange inhibitor, n = 4); or (3) no treatment (control, n = 6). Subsequently, postischemic hemodynamic performance, arrhythmia burden, relative tissue perfusion, and development of necrosis were assessed over a 2 h reperfusion period. Postconditioning with Deltorphin D significantly improved diastolic relaxation (Tau, P < 0.05 versus controls) and decreased the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias during early reperfusion. Additionally, these treated hearts demonstrated increased tissue perfusion after 2 h (P < 0.05 versus controls), suggesting improved microvascular function. Delta opioid agonists elicited the potential to attenuate reperfusion injury, suggesting a postconditioning effect of these agents. We hypothesize that the induced benefits of delta opioids, in part, are associated with decreased calcium influx on reperfusion, independent of sodium–hydrogen exchange inhibition. Such agents may have a potential role in minimizing reperfusion injury associated with coronary stenting, bypass surgery, myocardial infarction, cardiac transplantation, or with the utilization of heart preservation systems. Impact statement: In this study, we found that postconditioning with Deltorphin D significantly improved diastolic relaxation and decreased the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias during early reperfusion. Furthermore, these treated hearts demonstrated increased tissue perfusion after 2 h, suggesting improved microvascular function. Delta opioid agonists attenuated reperfusion injury, suggestive of a postconditioning effect. Such agents may have a potential role in minimizing reperfusion injury associated with coronary stenting, bypass surgery, myocardial infarction, cardiac transplantation, or with the utilization of heart preservation systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)986-995
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
Volume242
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Reperfusion injury
  • delta opioids
  • pharmacological postconditioning

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