Feasibility study of a statewide pathology-based cancer surveillance system in Minnesota - I. Information characteristics

Alan P. Bender, Helen G. Jagger, John Fraser, Wendy Anderson, Lael C Gatewood, Stephen Larkin, Geary Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Minnesota Department of Health has completed a 2-year feasibility study comparing the completeness and accuracy of information from pathology-based cancer ascertainment with that of the traditional surveillance method based on hospital discharge records. Overall, for incident cancers, the primary site designation of the pathology-based system was correct for 94.5% of the cancers, and the histologic designation was correct for 97.0% of the cancers. For prevalent cancers the accuracy of both site and histology designation was inadequate at 81.0 and 76.8% respectively. Pathology-based ascertainment was more complete than discharge-based surveillance (98.4% vs. 96.6%), which reflected the growing number of cancers diagnosed in hospital outpatient departments and medical clinics. The major limitation of the pathology-based system was the inability to determine from written pathology reports whether the cancer was newly diagnosed. However, when asked, pathologists correctly determined the incidence status for approximately 75% of the cancers. In light of the results of the feasibility study, Minnesota is implementing a pathology-based system as a cost-effective, scientifically valid method to meet the state's current and future needs for cancer surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-44
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Medical Systems
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1987

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