Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the effects of flavanoid-rich purple grape juice on the vascular health of childhood cancer survivors: A randomized, controlled crossover trial

Cindy K. Blair, Aaron S. Kelly, Julia Steinberger, Lynn E. Eberly, Char Napurski, Kim Robien, Joseph P. Neglia, Daniel A. Mulrooney, Julie A. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Background: Childhood cancer survivors have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease following treatment, yet few interventions have been evaluated to reduce this risk. Purple grape juice (pGJ), a rich source of flavonoids with antioxidant properties, has been shown in adults to reduce oxidative stress and improve endothelial function. We examined the effects of supplementing meals with pGJ on microvascular endothelial function and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in 24 cancer survivors (ages 10-21 years). Procedure: In a randomized controlled crossover trial consisting of two, 4 week intervention periods, each preceded by a 4 week washout period, subjects received in random order 6 ounces twice daily of pGJ and clear apple juice (cAJ; similar in calories but lower in flavonoids). Measurements were obtained before and after each supplementation period; change was evaluated using mixed effects ANOVA. Results: pGJ did not improve endothelial function, measured using digital reactive hyperemia, compared with cAJ (mean change: pGJ 0.06, cAJ 0.22; difference of mean change [95% CI]: -0.16 [-0.42 - 0.11], P=0.25). No significant changes in plasma concentrations of oxidized-LDL, myeloperoxidase, or high sensitivity C-reactive protein were observed. Conclusion: After 4 weeks of daily consumption of flavonoid-rich pGJ, no measurable change in vascular function was observed in these childhood cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2290-2296
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014



  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Childhood cancer survivors
  • Endothelial function
  • Grape juice
  • Intervention

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