We have obtained narrowband images of the young planetary nebula Hubble 12 showing [Fe II] line emission in bipolar bubbles near the core. Bright [Fe II] emission is strong evidence for shocks, suggesting the presence of a high-velocity wind emanating from the central star. We compare our data to previously published images of Hubble 12 - finding similar structures in hydrogen recombination and free-free emission - and we propose three possible interpretations of the data: that the bubbles indicate the inner shock of the fast wind, that the [Fe II) emission is evidence of the outer shock of an episodic wind, or that the emission is cooling line radiation from a photodissociation region. We argue that the first two interpretations are more likely, since the [Fe II] emission must be shock excited.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||1 PART 2|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|
- Jets and outflows planetary nebulae: Individual (Hb 12)
- Stars: Evolution