Fbw7 isoform interaction contributes to cyclin E proteolysis

Wei Zhang, Deanna M. Koepp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ubiquitin proteasome system plays important roles in regulating cell growth and proliferation. Many proteins that function in ubiquitin-mediated destruction have been linked to tumorigenesis. The putative tumor-suppressor protein Fbw7 (hAgo/hCdc4) is a specificity factor for the Skp1-Cul1-F-box protein ubiquitin ligase complex and targets a number of proto-oncogene products for ubiquitin-mediated destruction, including the cell cycle regulator cyclin E. In mammals, there are three splice variants of Fbw7 that use distinct first exons, resulting in proteins that have unique NH2 termini but are otherwise identical. Here, we show that the Fbw7 splice variants interact with each other through an NH2-terminal region common to all of the Fbw7 isoforms. Other F-box proteins have been shown to regulate substrate binding or turnover by forming homodimeric or heterodimeric complexes, which are dependent on a sequence motif called the D domain. Fbw7 and its orthologues exhibit significant sequence similarity to such F-box proteins, including the D domain. Fbw7 mutants that lack the region encompassing the D domain fail to bind other Fbw7 isoforms, despite being properly localized and binding both cyclin E and Skp1. Finally, we show the functional significance of this region as mutants lacking the NH2-terminal region involved in Fbw7 binding exhibit reduced rates of cyclin E protein turnover, indicating that Fbw7 isoform interaction is important for the efficiency of cyclin E turnover. Overall, this study contributes to the current understanding of the regulation of the Fbw7 tumor-suppressor protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)935-943
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume4
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

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