Fatty alcohols for wax esters in Marinobacter aquaeolei VT8: Two optional routes in the wax biosynthesis pathway

Eric M. Lenneman, Janet M. Ohlert, Nagendra P. Palani, Brett M. Barney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biosynthesis of wax esters in bacteria is accomplished by a unique pathway that combines a fatty alcohol and a fatty acyl coenzyme A substrate. Previous in vitro enzymatic studies indicated that two different enzymes could be involved in the synthesis of the required fatty alcohol in Marinobacter aquaeolei VT8. In this study, we demonstrate through a series of gene deletions and transcriptional analysis that either enzyme is capable of fulfilling the role of providing the fatty alcohol required for wax ester biosynthesis in vivo, but evolution has clearly selected one of these, a previously characterized fatty aldehyde reductase, as the preferred enzyme to perform this reaction under typical wax ester-accumulating conditions. These results complement previous in vitro studies and provide the first glimpse into the role of each enzyme in vivo in the native organism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7055-7062
Number of pages8
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume79
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

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