The insolubility of fatty acids in cellular environments requires that specific trafficking mechanisms be developed to vectorally orient and deliver lipids for cellular needs. The roles of putative membrane bound fatty acid transporters and soluble carrier proteins are discussed in terms of mechanisms of fatty acid trafficking. The numerous roles for fatty acids as an energy source, as structural elements for membrane synthesis, as bioregulators and as prohormones with the potential to regulate gene expression, are discussed in terms of the necessity to regulate their intracellular location and concentration.
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This work supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation.
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- Fatty acid
- Lipid-binding proteins
- Metabolic control