Fatty acid binding protein 4 regulates pancreatic cancer cell proliferation via activation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Obesity and diabetes are associated with an increased incidence of pancreatic cancer. Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), noted to be higher in patients with severe obesity, is linked to the development and progression of several cancers, and its level in the circulation decreases after bariatric surgery. Objective: In this paper, we evaluate the role of FABP4 in pancreatic cancer progression. Setting: University Hospital and Laboratories, United States. Methods and Results: When Panc-1 (human) and Pan02 (mouse) pancreatic cancer cells were treated with FABP4 or the-single-point mutant FABP4 (R126Q, fatty acid binding site mutant), only FABP4 stimulated cellular proliferation. The transcriptional activity of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) was increased in response to FABP4 but not the R126Q. FABP4 treatment also led to downregulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity. Consistent with induced cell propagation by FABP4, the growth of Pan02 tumor was decreased in FABP4-null animals compared with C57BL/6J controls. Conclusion: These results suggest that FABP4 increases pancreatic cancer proliferation via activation of NRF2 and downregulation of ROS activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was supported by a T32 grant (T32DK108733) awarded to Masato Yamamoto and Gregory Beilman and by grants awarded to Sayeed Ikramuddin (R01DK053189, R21DK122832) through the National Institutes of Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Society for Bariatric Surgery

Keywords

  • Cell proliferation
  • FABP4
  • Fatty acid binding protein 4
  • NRF2
  • Pancreatic cancer

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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