Fast pyrolysis of wood for biofuels: Spatiotemporally resolved diffuse reflectance insitu spectroscopy of particles

Alex D. Paulsen, Blake R. Hough, C. Luke Williams, Andrew R. Teixeira, Daniel T. Schwartz, Jim Pfaendtner, Paul J. Dauenhauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fast pyrolysis of woody biomass is a promising process capable of producing renewable transportation fuels to replace gasoline, diesel, and chemicals currently derived from nonrenewable sources. However, biomass pyrolysis is not yet economically viable and requires significant optimization before it can contribute to the existing oil-based transportation system. One method of optimization uses detailed kinetic models for predicting the products of biomass fast pyrolysis, which serve as the basis for the design of pyrolysis reactors capable of producing the highest value products. The goal of this work is to improve upon current pyrolysis models, usually derived from experiments with low heating rates and temperatures, by developing models that account for both transport and pyrolysis decomposition kinetics at high heating rates and high temperatures (>400 °C). A new experimental technique is proposed herein: spatiotemporally resolved diffuse reflectance insitu spectroscopy of particles (STR-DRiSP), which is capable of measuring biomass composition during fast pyrolysis with high spatial (10μm) and temporal (1ms) resolution. Compositional data were compared with a comprehensive 2D single-particle model, which incorporated a multistep, semiglobal reaction mechanism, prescribed particle shrinkage, and thermophysical properties that varied with temperature, composition, and orientation. The STR-DRiSP technique can be used to determine the transport-limited kinetic parameters of biomass decomposition for a wide variety of biomass feedstocks. Resolving differences: A new technique, spatiotemporally resolved diffuse reflectance insitu spectroscopy of particles (STR-DRiSP; see picture), capable of measuring biomass composition during fast pyrolysis with high spatial (10μm) and temporal (1ms) resolution has been developed. This new technique has the potential to revolutionize how pyrolysis is monitored and enhance the ability to understand pyrolysis kinetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-776
Number of pages12
JournalChemSusChem
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

Fingerprint

Biofuels
biofuel
pyrolysis
reflectance
Wood
Pyrolysis
spectroscopy
Spectroscopy
Biomass
biomass
kinetics
Heating rate
Kinetics
Chemical analysis
particle
decomposition
heating
Decomposition
transportation system
Kinetic parameters

Keywords

  • biomass
  • flash pyrolysis
  • kinetics
  • molecular modeling
  • reaction mechanisms

Cite this

Fast pyrolysis of wood for biofuels : Spatiotemporally resolved diffuse reflectance insitu spectroscopy of particles. / Paulsen, Alex D.; Hough, Blake R.; Williams, C. Luke; Teixeira, Andrew R.; Schwartz, Daniel T.; Pfaendtner, Jim; Dauenhauer, Paul J.

In: ChemSusChem, Vol. 7, No. 3, 01.03.2014, p. 765-776.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Paulsen AD, Hough BR, Williams CL, Teixeira AR, Schwartz DT, Pfaendtner J et al. Fast pyrolysis of wood for biofuels: Spatiotemporally resolved diffuse reflectance insitu spectroscopy of particles. ChemSusChem. 2014 Mar 1;7(3):765-776. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201301056
Paulsen, Alex D. ; Hough, Blake R. ; Williams, C. Luke ; Teixeira, Andrew R. ; Schwartz, Daniel T. ; Pfaendtner, Jim ; Dauenhauer, Paul J. / Fast pyrolysis of wood for biofuels : Spatiotemporally resolved diffuse reflectance insitu spectroscopy of particles. In: ChemSusChem. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 765-776.
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