Fast-adapting mechanoreceptors are important for force control in precision grip but not for sensorimotor memory

Susanna B. Park, Marco Davare, Marika Falla, William R Kennedy, Mona M. Selim, Gwen Wendelschafer-Crabb, Martin Koltzenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sensory feedback from cutaneous mechanoreceptors in the fingertips is important in effective object manipulation, allowing appropriate scaling of grip and load forces during precision grip. However, the role of mechanoreceptor subtypes in these tasks remains incompletely understood. To address this issue, psychophysical tasks that may specifically assess function of type I fast-adapting (FAI) and slowly adapting (SAI) mechanoreceptors were used with object manipulation experiments to examine the regulation of grip force control in an experimental model of graded reduction in tactile sensitivity (healthy volunteers wearing 2 layers of latex gloves). With gloves, tactile sensitivity decreased significantly from 1.9 ± 0.4 to 12.3 ± 2.2 μm in the Bumps task assessing function of FAI afferents but not in a grating orientation task assessing SAI afferents (1.6 ± 0.1 to 1.8 ± 0.2 mm). Six axis force/torque sensors measured peak grip (PGF) and load (PLF) forces generated by the fingertips during a grip-lift task. With gloves there was a significant increase of PGF (14 ± 6%), PLF (17 ± 5%), and grip and load force rates (26 ± 8%, 20 ± 8%). A variable-weight series task was used to examine sensorimotor memory. There was a 20% increase in PGF when the lift of a light object was preceded by a heavy relative to a light object. This relationship was not significantly altered when lifting with gloves, suggesting that the addition of gloves did not change sensorimotor memory effects. We conclude that FAI fibers may be important for the online force scaling but not for the buildup of a sensorimotor memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3156-3161
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Volume115
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
S. B. Park is the recipient of a RG Menzies Foundation/National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) Training Fellowship (no. 1016446).

Keywords

  • Mechanoreceptors
  • Precision grip
  • Psychophysics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fast-adapting mechanoreceptors are important for force control in precision grip but not for sensorimotor memory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this